Suggested wood type and dimensions: something soft and dry such as alder, poplar or pine, approximately 1 ¾Ó square and 5Ó to 6Ó in length.



Remove corners from ½ the length using a planing method, the other half by peeling.


Turn the block to an even cylinder using a planing cut. 


From the middle, taper the bock down to a straight taper just slightly larger than the drive center; do the same to the other half.  


Turn the block back into a small cylinder.


Avoid hitting the drive centers  (leave larger diameters at the ends); turn as small a cylinder as possible. 



Turn a cylinder from the block.


For 1/3rd of the length create VŐs that are below the diameter of the cylinder

For another 1/3rd of the length create VŐs that are proud of the surface


For the remaining portion of the cylinder create several individual micro beads, then a grouping of three or four micro beads


Face off both ends of the cylinder with shoulder cuts.




Create a square shouldered pommel on one end of the square, a rounded shouldered pommel on the other end.


Peel into the middle to create space for two more pommels.   Do a rounded pommel on the left side, a lambŐs tongue/ogee shouldered pommel on the other. 




Turn the block into a cylinder.   Starting at the left, lay out three beads approximately 1Ó wide, then three 7/8Ó wide, then three ¾Ó wide, then three ½Ó wide. 






Turn the block to a cylinder.   In the middle turn a 3/8Ó wide bead that is proud of the cylinder.   Using saucer cuts, cut the bead free of the cylinder.  


Using a coving cut, trap the bead within a deep cove.


On the side near the headstock, about ½ Ň from the end, make a series of V cuts.    Round over the end of the remaining stock that is close to the V cut.   With a series of V cuts, part off the stock leaving a nice rounded end. 






Find a blank with one or more large, solid knots.   Plane the square into a rounded shape being careful around the knots.   Try to cut the knots as cleaning as possible by using a planing method.   Vary the angle of presentation and a very slow feed rate.   Complete by light scraping across the knot.